Understanding the Lymphatic System
We are 70% Water. When waste fluid is collected from between the cells by the lymphatic system, it is then known as lymph fluid. From all over the body the waste lymph fluid has been carried along through capillaries and vessels, cleaned by the lymph nodes, similar to your household water pipes.
Clean waste fluid then travels up towards the largest lymphatic vessel called the Thoracic Duct. This duct lies next to your spine; it passes up through the diaphragm and enters into the blood circulation via a large vein, just above the heart. The lymph fluid now mixes back into our blood. Our body can collect, clean and filter up to 2.5 litres per day.
Functions of the Spleen
Stress directly effects the spleen and protein levels in the lymphatic system which effects your heart rate and blood pressure. During stress the spleen releases extra blood into the circulation and an extra protein called p34, which is a distinct Lactate DeHydrogenase (or LDH or LD).
LD is of medical significance because it is found extensively in body tissues, such as blood cells and heart muscle, as with other proteins it is used as a tissue-fuction marker as it is released during tissue damage and is a marker of common injuries and disease. This protein has been found in high levels in many human cancers and has been demonstrated to be an effective serum cancer marker. (Lymhoscintography)
THE ANSWER - DON`T GET STRESSED - IT REALLY CAN BE FATAL.
LD activity is present in all cells of the body with highest concentrations in heart, liver, muscle, kidney, lung, and erythrocytes it is elevated in a number of clinical conditions including cardiorespiratory diseases, malignancy, hemolysis, and disorders of the liver, kidneys, lung, and muscle.
Marked elevations can be observed in megaloblastic anemia, untreated pernicious anemia, Hodgkin disease, abdominal and lung cancers, severe shock and hypoxia.
Moderate-to-slight increases in LD levels are seen in myocardial infarction (MI), pulmonary infarction, pulmonary embolism, leukemia, hemolytic anemia, infectious mononucleosis, progressive muscular dystrophy (especially in the early and middle stages of the disease), liver disease and renal disease.
In liver disease, elevations of LD are not as great as the increases in aspartate amino transferase and alanine aminotransferase.
In the foetus and infant the thymus seems to control the development of the lymph nodes and lymphoid tissue. If it is absent, death will result because of the failure of the immune processes. In adults it is a source of fresh lymphocytes for immunologic imprinting. After heavy irradiation the bone marrow and lymphoid tissue are severely depressed, sometimes temporarily abolished, but the thymus is more resistant and controls restoration of lymphocyte production and cellular immunity.
Lymph Vessels and how Lymph moves through the system
There are between 700 – 1,000 nodes in the human body 3-500 can be found in the abdomen. Excessive swelling of the abdomen means these lymph nodes are struggling to remove waste fluid.